How plant physiology influences efficiency?

‘You reap what you sow’ ain’t a mere idiom, rather has a lot of in-depth meaning to it. Knowing the plant physiology in the modern era will be the difference between being a successful agriculturalist or a struggling yeoman. It is basically the study of ‘how a plant works’, and understanding the basics could help you improve the yield, nutritional value, cost reduction and prevent resource wastage. Dealing the farming scientifically can help you juice the best out of what you have, and with modern day electronic interventions farming is more easy, reliable and fun.

Hand dripping water into a seedling
Source: freepik.com

What is plant physiology and why is it so important?

Plant physiology is a field of study in which all kinds of plant interaction are studied like plant biomass, respiration, photosynthesis, plant hormone transport, response to chemicals, water movement, etc. If one can evaluate the plant physiology at various levels, necessary measures can be adapted to supplement, channelize and harmonize the human input to boost the yield from plant. Crop production and management are now easy with electronic chips, controller units, sensors, and transducers, thanks to modern-day ventures like Gremon Systems and their expertise in the field, farming can’t be any less than successful!

Vegetative and generative management 

 

Source: protectedcroppingaustralia.com

While the data that you can collect from an electronic sensor you have implanted in your farm can help you climb the ladder, analyzing it, comprehending it and taking proper measure is the key.

There are several key factors, which together determine successful farming, viz.:

  • Fertilizing soil
  • Temperature control
  • Humidity control
  • Root hair density
  • Water- air ratio
  • Growth media
  • Foliage management
  • Irrigation strategy

The important of all is the vegetative vs generative balance such that one can fine tune the plant to expend most of their resource into crop production. For achieving this feat all above factors have to be in the right proportion or otherwise to be mentioned as ‘in golden balance’.

What are the ideal vegetative and generative conditions?

The ideal situation means when plants grow the necessary amount of leaf area in order to produce the maximum fruits. Watering is one important factor during the vegetative state, which will determine the right amount of salt concentration, and moisture of surrounding.

However, pushing the plant in a vegetative state isn’t ideal for crop yield, thus it has to be micromanaged to shift into the generative state. In this phase, the plant will produce the crop or fruit, and providing necessary conditions like wetting growth media, balanced high salt concentration, ample water supply, intensive de-leafing, etc. will determine the crop outcome.

How to use plant physiology to optimize the outcome?

To optimize the yield the one has to get an in-depth overview regarding the plant physiology. Well, we have Trutina Soil with a battery of sensors and transducers connected to a controller unit and data collection & compiling is far from your concern.

Optimizing the vegetative and generative balance is the first and foremost thing to do. For this you can vary the below factors:

•         Climate

•         Light

•         Foliage mass

•         Nutrient management (Irrigation)

By using Trutina Soil you will be able to irrigate the needed amount based on light and soil moister water content and  to move towards out required balance to grant the best yield. Role of irrigation systems in improving yield (H3)

Role of irrigation systems in improving yield 

 

data collection of crop production at a tomato farm

Irrigation or water supply is the heart of any farming, and with Trutina Soil which is a watering optimization system, cannot be any better. The right concentration of nutrients is one major factor that could help decide the right vegetative to generative transition and water supply play a crucial role in this. Growth media gets dry quickly leaving higher salt concentration toppling the balance.  On the other hand, if the air-water ratio is improper due to over irrigation then the roots experience water paucity. Thus finding the ample amount of water supply is what Gremon Systems help you with apart from monitoring and evaluating various other plant physiological data. The timing is one important parameter that could reflect on the efficient use of water by plant, apart from that highest and lowest value of water content could also play a crucial role.

Trutina Soil – What’s the role of it?

Like mentioned before, it is a fully dedicated irrigation system that could help you regulate the water supply to stay in that golden balance point. This system employs different sensors that measure various physiological and chemical parameters of the plant and surrounding to regulate the water flow.

Trutina Soil consists of:

  1. Trutina Main Unit
  2. Water volume meter
  3. EBOX
  4. Soil EC sensor
  5. 5. Water EC sensor

 

Trutina, the dedicated irrigation system installation setup

But it’s always the users choice to add other sensors like pyranometer, biomass module, etc. With this installation, you get to know the precise physiological state of the plant and can also bias the crop yield. Read more about plant growth monitoring sensors here.

How to use it and who should use it? 

Get the Trutina Soil module here from Gremon Systems and install in your greenhouse. As simple as that! Since the manual intervention required is very less, chances of error, ideal efficiency and near theoretical harvest are the results. Trutina target greenhouse farmers practicing containment agriculture, which is more compact and easy to control. Since it is computerized, the results are comparable or better than open field farming. The user at any time can vary any physiological factors to obtain the desired result, and customize the controller unit settings as well. The advantages are:

  • Cost reduction
  • Prevention of resource wastage
  • Customizable
  • Easy to install
  • Improved quality of yield
  • Obviously, higher yield

How to check the results and benefits of the product? In what time can you benefit from it? 

Farmer monitoring result data of irrigation system

Checking results can be done more conventional way by enjoying the profit or appreciating the higher yield. This is a brand new yet highly scientific mode of farming intervention that works on feedback. Crop cultivation around the world faces stagnation due to a multitude of factors like fertilizer pollution, greenhouse effect, lack of irrigation, scarcity in farming land, etc. In this context, Gremon System products help you reap the best out of what you have got. Since the products don’t alter the time frame of yield, you can enjoy the results as similar to that of conventional greenhouse farming, but with a better yield and quality spending half of it.

Conlusion 

The designers of this product have walked a long way from conventional farming to introduce the state of the art framing electronics which rely on sensors to fine tune your farming needs. Trutina Soil is a monitoring-cum- regulator system that takes feedback from plant physiology related parameters to fine tune the irrigation thereby by improving yield and reducing cost. Finding the middle ground between vegetative and generative phases is one way by which this system achieve the desired results. Here none of the resources are wasted instead saved and used wisely with the help of computerization. You can get a compiled results on your smartphone or tablet giving you a chance to keep track of your produce 24 x 7.

 

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