There were lots of studies which had set a watering standard for each of the plants, but with automatic watering systems, the computer can analyze various plant vitals and optimize this schedule. In this article you will discover more about automatic irrigation and its types which might give you more idea on how the system works. This sensor-based irrigation is much more efficient than the one with human intervention, and that’s the reason why they are getting faster acceptance in agricultural community.
An ‘automatic watering system’ is a computer/timer-based water supply for crops which minimizes human intervention to just supervision. All water delivery systems like drip, surface, or sprinklers can be automated. There are various benefits for automation where the major one is reducing labor cost in exchange for an efficient water supply system. Usually the automation is installed by an engineer after assessing the field length, weather, micro-climate, humidity, soil properties and water requirement by the crops for efficient watering of plants.
The frequency of irrigation can be controlled with the help of a computer (in the modern system) or with a timer (in conventional automation). In automatic water system, fertigation can be easily done which further reduces the labor cost and ensures the safety of workers. Also, one profound benefit of the automatic watering system is the 24×7 irrigation irrespective of the labor availability, which will contribute towards the overall yield and profit.
‘Automatic watering systems’ is not a modern-day invention but has been there for a long time and its need became more compelling when the global population started rising. An innovation in irrigation system can be dated back to 6000 B.C and ever since then humankind is pushing the boundaries to invent more.
The automatic watering system can be vaguely be divided into three classifications:
The computer-based automatic watering system might be useful in a large greenhouse that cultivates intensive crops like tomato, cucumber, pepper, eggplant, etc. but the mechanical timer-based one can be used in an open field growing crops that are not too much sensitive towards climatic conditions and watering schedule, like wheat, sorghum, corn, etc.
There are various types of computer automatic watering systems, and the main ones are described below.
A semi-automatic watering system like the one from Gremon Systems which is an Android application is setting already a golden standard for computer-based farming and as first step irrigation has been automated which significantly reflects on the yield and profit generated.
Semi because it is able to take to account all the important parameter of the environment and plant as well for optimizing the irrigation strategy in order to maximize the yield and quality and which is the final step to manage the watering full automatically on the most professional way.
The automatic watering systems undoubtedly is helping the farmers conserve water, thereby improving society. In any irrigation system, the prime motive will be to use the water most efficiently and that’s precisely what has been done here by automatic watering systems. For example, ‘Trutina’ discharges water based on the climatic and plant condition such that over-irrigation or under irrigation is eliminated, which means more yield with less water. Also, the latest iteration of this Trutina employs a real time-based analysis which can communicate with the operator through notifications and alerts on the mobile app. Based on the information received the operator can adjust the irrigation parameters either depending on the data analysis by the app or farmer’s previous experience.
The best part about automatic watering system is that human intervention is significantly reduced that helps in reduction of labor cost and the same resource can be spent on other aspects of farming. Water conservation, elimination of improper irrigation, easy fertigation, reduction in labor cost, and efficient watering of plant are some of the benefits of automatic watering systems.
Automatic watering systems are setting a benchmark for farming around the world, which, in a sense, is becoming a mandatory norm for water conservation. Always the best systems are the one which automates a process based on multiple inputs like ‘Trutina’ which takes data from various aspects of farming to give the best possible irrigation system. Unarguably, automatic watering system is a smart investment because the benefit is reflected in profit, yield and resource management.